Pronation is the inward movement of the foot as it rolls during running. It helps distribute the force of shock or impact of the ground as you run. Though pronation is quite normal, overpronation is not.
Overpronation is very common among runners and though this is not an injury in itself, it can still lead to a lot of different injuries if left untreated. A foot that overpronates can lead to these several injuries and I have listed 2 of the most common injuries:
Plantar fasciitis – the plantar fascia is the connecting ligament of your heel bone and toes. Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of this plantar fascia which can result to sharp and stabbing pain.
Signs and symptoms of plantar fasciitis include:
Heel pain after long periods of rest such as standing up after a night of sleeping
Sense of pain before an exercise starts but gradually decreases and stops during exercise to come back again once the exercise is done.
Worsened pain when you climb the stairs or stand on your toes
Pain and tenderness is an early indication of injury. Consult a podiatrist if pain persists and swelling worsens. Dr. John Schilero is a podiatrist who specializes in helping people with foot conditions.
Treatments for plantar fasciitis are as follows:
- Rest your foot.
- Ice application to relieve pain.
- Stretching exercise for your foot.
- Take NSAIDs to help relieve the pain such as Advil or Tylenol among many others.
- Use shoe inserts and any supportive footwear.
Achilles tendonitis – the Achilles tendon is the connecting tendon that attaches the calf to the back of your heel.
Signs and symptoms for Achilles tendonitis are:
- Intensive pain after prolonged running or sprinting
- Stiffness or tenderness in the morning which lessens during mild activity
- Mild pain from the back of your leg or just above the heel after running
- To relieve pain and discomfort, you may apply ice or cold packs for about 15-20 minutes for a few times a day.
- Exercise your calf muscles by stretching.
- Make use of shoe inserts and other orthotic devices.
- Take pain medication such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
These are just two of the many injuries that you might have due to overpronation. Hence, it is very important to consult your podiatrist to help treat your overpronation so that it will reduce your risk to such injuries.
At Palm Beach Orthopaedic Institute located in West Palm Beach, Palm Beach Gardens, Jupiter and Wellington, we specialize in helping people suffering from foot injuries. To schedule an appointment, call 561-694-7776 EXT. 2112.